Despite massive irregularities and intimidation, the overwhelming majority of Zimbabweans have voted against Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and his ZANU-PF ruling party. Although the state-controlled media (The Zimbabwean Broadcasting Corporation – ZBC - and the Herald Newspaper) openly campaigned for Mugabe, vilifying the opposition and granting extravagant TV airtime and newspaper coverage to ZANU-PF propaganda, the two main cities in Zimbabwe, Harare and Bulawayo, have overwhelmingly voted against the ZANU-PF government.
There was no voter education and voters rolls were not made accessible to the opposition. The Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) was run by senior leaders of the Marxist ZANU-PF. Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) raided opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) offices and hotel rooms. Observers, and even parliamentary candidates, were detained. Many MDC candidates, officials and independent observers were threatened, beaten and even murdered.