The recent killings at the Lonmin platinum mine, where 44 striking miners were shot by the police, brought to remembrance other "massacres", provoked by aggressive demonstrators, notably the Bisho Massacre. This took place on 7 September 1992, at which 28 members of the African National Congress (ANC) and one Ciskei soldier was shot. At that time the Ciskei was an independent state ruled by Brigadier Oupa Gqozo, a moderate Christian ruler who tried to promote a federal government system in South Africa. In his Council of State Report of 1992 he said: "We reaffirm that the Ciskei government subscribes to Christian principles, based on Scripture. We also maintain that a regional government is the essential component of future peace." Its laws, he said, should ideally be in line with the Ten Commandments.
"The Law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple." Psalm 19:7