John Paton (1824–1907) was raised in Scotland by devout Christian parents who had dedicated him to foreign missions before he was born. He was the eldest of the 11 children of James and Janet Paton. He left school at age 12 to undergo apprenticeship, working 16 hours a day and studying fervently in the few hours left for him after that. He later studied at the Free Church Seminary and worked at the Glasgow City Mission. The area assigned to him around Green Street in the Calton district was one of the worst. Drunkenness, prostitution, gambling and every other kind of vice and shamelessness prevailed. John Paton secured a hayloft for Sunday evening services and, through diligent literature evangelism, teaching and labouring, within a few years, the number of people attending this service increased from six to over 600.